Terrorism Profiles

Islamic State Algeria (ISA)

Alternative Names:

Islamic State Algeria, ISA, Jund al-Khilafa, Jound al-Khalifah fi Ard al-Jazayer, Djound Al-Khalifa, Soldiers of the Caliphate of Algeria

Location:

Algeria, Tunisia

Leadership:

ISA was founded in September 2014 by Abdulmalik Suleiman Abu Gori (Gouri Abdelmalek). In December 2014, Gouri was killed by Algerian military forces. Several other ISA commanders were killed in a subsequent military raid roughly five months later.

Origins:

ISA is a splinter group from Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) that has pledged loyalty to the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and its leader Abu-Bakr al Baghdadi.

Major Attacks:

April 2014: Jund al-Khilafa ambushed an Algerian military convoy, which killed 11 personnel.

September 2014: ISA captured and beheaded a French hostage, Herve Gourdel.

Ideological Roots:

The group traces its ideological roots to the Salafi movement, which is an ultra-conservative reform movement within Sunni Islam.

Objectives:

ISA’s radical ideology is consistent with that of ISIS. ISA seeks to topple the government of Algeria and replace it with an Islamic caliphate under Sharia law.

Tactics:

Firearm attacks, low-intensity bombings, and kidnapping.

Updated on January 15, 2016. 

References


  1. “If at first you don’t succeed, try deception: The Islamic State’s Expansion Efforts in Algeria.” The Jamestown Foundation. Last modified November, 2015. Accessed January 14, 2015. http://www.jamestown.org/programs/tm/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=44595&cHash=26ec1c1001c9fbadaee35008b6f2c174#.VpgJUBorKAx
  2. “Islamic State Algeria (IS, ISA) - Jund Al-Khilafa (Soldiers of the Caliphate in Algeria).” Last modified 2015. Accessed January 14, 2015. http://www.trackingterrorism.org/group/soldiers-caliphate-algeria
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